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CHAPTER 43-18
PLUMBERS

43-18-01. Definitions. In this chapter, unless the context or subject matter otherwise requires:

1. "Board" means the state board of plumbing.

2. "Journeyman plumber" means any person, other than a master plumber, who, as the person's principal occupation, is engaged in the practical installation, alteration, and repair of plumbing.

3. "Master plumber" means a person skilled in the planning, supervision, and the practical installation, alteration, and repair of plumbing, and familiar with the laws, rules, and regulations governing the same.

4. "Plumber's apprentice" means any person other than a journeyman or a master plumber, who, as the person's principal occupation, is engaged in learning and assisting in the installation, alteration, and repair of plumbing and drainage, under the immediate and personal supervision of either a master or a journeyman plumber.

5. "Plumbing" means the installation, maintenance, extension, alteration, and removal of all piping, plumbing fixtures, plumbing appliances, and other appurtenances in connection with bringing water into, and using the same in buildings, and for removing liquids and water-carried wastes therefrom.

43-18-10. Firm engaged in installing plumbing to employ master plumber - Exceptions. No person, firm, corporation, or limited liability company shall engage in the business of installing plumbing and shall not install plumbing in connection with the dealing in and selling of plumbing materials and supplies in any location of this state having a public system of waterworks or sewerage, unless at all times a registered and licensed master plumber, who is responsible for the proper installation thereof, is in charge of such work. In cities of less than one thousand population and in all rural areas, a licensed journeyman plumber may engage in the business of installing plumbing.

43-18-11. License required- Exception for homeowner and full-time employee. No person, firm, corporation, or limited liability company shall engage in the business of a master plumber, journeyman plumber, or plumber's apprentice in any location of this state having a public system of waterworks or sewerage unless registered and licensed to do so by the board. Anyone not so licensed may do plumbing work which complies with the provisions of the minimum standards prescribed by the board on premises or that part of premises owned and actually occupied by the person as a residence, or may do plumbing repair on premises where the person is employed in full-time maintenance work, unless otherwise forbidden to do so by a local ordinance. Public water system employees may install and maintain service lines and water meters on premises served by the water system.

43-18-11.1. When license not required. Employees of dealers in household appliances need not be licensed pursuant to this chapter when installing household appliances, if any necessary plumbing work is incidental to the installation of the appliance and the work could be performed by a plumber's apprentice.

43-18-11.2. Conviction not bar to licensure - Exceptions. Conviction of an offense does not disqualify a person from licensure under this chapter unless the board determines that the offense has a direct bearing upon a person's ability to serve the public as a plumber, or that, following conviction of any offense, the person is not sufficiently rehabilitated under section 12.1-33-02.1.

43-18-11.3. Advertising prohibited- Exceptions- Penalty.

1. Except as provided in this section, if a plumbing license is required under section 43-18-11 or by local ordinance, no person offering plumbing contracting services may advertise as a plumbing contractor, master plumber, or journeyman plumber unless the person employs a licensed journeyman plumber, or the person is a licensed master plumber. Any advertisement must contain the appropriate license number. This section does not apply to advertising purchased or contracted for prior to July 1, 1989.

2. a. A person violating this section is guilty of a class B misdemeanor for a first conviction, but no fine in excess of one hundred dollars and no term of imprisonment may be imposed.

b. A person violating this section is guilty of a class A misdemeanor for a second or subsequent conviction, but the penalties are as follows:
(1) For a second conviction, no fine in excess of one thousand dollars and no term of imprisonment may be imposed.
(2) For a third or subsequent conviction, a fine not to exceed one thousand dollars or imprisonment not to exceed thirty days, or both, may be imposed.

43-18-11.4. Plumbing inspectors - License required - Exception. A person employed by the state board of plumbing or a political subdivision to inspect plumbing installations must be licensed as a journeyman or master plumber. This section does not apply to an inspector employed by the board of plumbing or a political subdivision as of July 2, 1989.

43-18-12. Examination- When held- Notice. Examinations must be held at the time and place prescribed by the board. Notice of such examinations must be given by mail to all persons who have made application to take the examination. The board may call a special examination at any time.

43-18-13. License -How obtained -Fee. Any person qualified under the rules of the board who desires to take the examination to become a registered and licensed plumber shall make application to the board therefor and pay to the treasurer of the board the examination fee. Such fee may not exceed two hundred dollars for a master plumber's certificate and license and one hundred dollars for a journeyman plumber's certificate and license. The board, when the condition of its fund permits and when in its judgment it is deemed advisable, may reduce the amount of the examination fees, but it may not increase the same above the amount specified in this section. Any such change must be adopted by the board to take effect on the first day of January following its action and must apply to all examination fees in the classes specified in the ruling. The applicant shall appear at the next regular meeting of the board for examination of applicants. If upon examination the applicant is found by the board to be qualified as a master plumber or journeyman plumber, or both, it shall issue to the applicant a certificate of registration and license which entitles the applicant to do the work and be a plumber as specified in the license. A master plumber's and journeyman plumber's license may be issued to one and the same person, and the holder of a master plumber's license may be granted a journeyman plumber's license without the payment of the journeyman's fee. All certificates and licenses must be numbered consecutively and may not be transferable, and no person may work under the license issued to another person. Should a person fail upon examination to qualify as a master or journeyman plumber, such person has the right to review the examination to determine the reasons for failure and has the right to appeal to the board.

43-18-13.1. Reciprocity with other states. The board may register, without examination, upon payment of the required fee, nonresident applicants registered under the laws of other states having requirements for regulating plumbers which the board determines are substantially equivalent to the requirements of this state in those instances when such other state grants similar privileges to North Dakota residents licensed under this chapter.

43-18-14. Board to keep register of licenses issued. The board shall keep a register in which must be entered the names and addresses of all persons to whom certificates of registration and license are issued under the provisions of this chapter as master plumbers, and also a register in which must be entered the names and addresses of all persons to whom certificates of registration and license are issued under the provisions of this chapter as journeyman plumbers. Such register must be open to the public for inspection.

43-18-15. Temporary license - When issued. The board, upon the payment of the regular examination fee, may issue a temporary permit to engage in the business of master plumber or journeyman plumber, or both, to any person who furnishes satisfactory evidence of the person's qualifications. Such permits are revocable permits and are effective to December thirty-first of the year in which they are issued. No person may be issued such temporary permits for longer than four years.

43-18-16. Plumber licensed by board may practice at any place in state - Exception. A plumber registered and licensed by the board to engage in the business of master plumber, journeyman plumber, or plumber's apprentice may engage in or work at the business of plumbing at any place in this state, except in cities that have adopted ordinances requiring a municipal license or registration in addition to the state license before permitting any plumber to work in such municipality.

43-18-17. Renewal of license - Fee. A certificate and license issued under the provisions of this chapter is valid for only one year and expires on the thirty-first day of December of the year in which it was issued. The certificate must be renewed by the board upon application made within thirty days after the expiration thereof and on the payment of a sum not to exceed two hundred dollars for a master plumber's certificate and license, and the sum of one hundred dollars for a journeyman plumber's certificate and license. The board, when the condition of its fund permits and when in its judgment it is deemed advisable, may reduce the amount of the renewal fees, but it may not increase the same above the amount specified in this section. Any such change must be adopted by the board to take effect on the first day of January following its action and applies to all renewals in the classes specified in the ruling.

43-18-17.1. Continuing education. After January 1, 1991, each applicant for renewal of a master or journeyman plumber's license under section 43-18-17 must have successfully completed prior thereto at least two credit hours, and thereafter a minimum of two credit hours and not to exceed four credit hours within a two-year period, of continuing education relating to the plumbing trade. Credit hours for educational sessions must be determined by the board on a continuing basis to evaluate new sessions as they become available for fulfilling the educational requirements of this section. The board may charge a fee sufficient to offset expenses incurred for any educational sessions for which it is directly responsible.

43-18-17.2. Report of work- Exception. A person shall report doing plumbing work subject to inspection under section 43-18-17.3 to the board upon forms furnished by the board. This section does not apply to plumbing installations in buildings that are not connected to a public system of waterworks or sewerage or in political subdivisions where inspection is required by local ordinance.

43-18-17.3. Inspection of installation- Exception. The board has jurisdiction over and shall make provision for inspection of plumbing installations or alterations to public buildings and installations in newly constructed dwelling units, except as provided in this section. Political subdivisions may provide for inspection of plumbing work done within their jurisdictional limits. The board may charge the person responsible for the installation a reasonable fee not to exceed the cost of inspection. No inspection . is required for any repair work or plumbing fixture replacement which requires only minor alteration, or to buildings that are not connected to a public system of waterworks or sewerage, and does not apply to maintenance work conducted by regularly employed maintenance personnel on the business premises of their employer.

43-18-18. Grounds for revocation of license. The board may revoke any certificate issued under the provisions of this chapter if the holder is guilty of:

1. Commission of an offense determined by the board to have a direct bearing upon the holder's ability to serve the public as a plumber, or the board determines, following conviction of any offense, that the holder is not sufficiently rehabilitated under section 12.1-33-02.1;

2. Error or fraud in obtaining the holder's certificate;

3. Permitting the use of the holder's certificate and license in violation of this chapter;

4. Incompetency;

5. Failure to furnish certification of completion of continuing education as required under section 43-18-17.1 ; or

6. Failure to report work as required under section 43-18-17.2.

43-18-19. Revocation - Hearing. A certificate of registration and license issued under the provisions of this chapter may be revoked only after a hearing of the charges by the board. The holder of the certificate must be notified in writing by the board of the charges against the holder and of the time and place fixed for the hearing. Such notice must be served by registered or certified mail, addressed to the post-office address of the certificate holder as shown in the holder's certificate of registration and license. The time set for the hearing must be not less than ten days after the service of the notice. The hearing must be public and full opportunity must be given the accused to produce witnesses and evidence in the accused's own behalf and to examine the witnesses against the accused. After hearing all the evidence, the board shall render its decision in writing and the accused must be furnished, by mail, a copy thereof. If the accused is found guilty of any offense for which revocation of the license is provided, the certificate of registration and license is revoked automatically.

43-18-20. Revocation of license - When reinstated. A person whose certificate of registration and license issued under the provisions of this chapter has been revoked by the board may not be permitted to apply for a license for a period of one year from the date of the revocation. After the expiration of such time, the board may consider an· application for reinstatement of such person and upon a showing that the disability has been removed or that there is no further likelihood that the offense will be repeated, the board may reinstate the license.

43-18-21. Apprenticeship. Every apprentice plumber shall, within thirty days after beginning apprenticeship, register with the state plumbing board on a registration application form which will be supplied by the board, showing date of beginning apprenticeship, age, schooling, previous experience, employer, and such other information as the board may require, except that a person who is working in a school-work program need not register. A registration certificate issued under the provisions of this section shall be valid for only one year and shall expire on the thirty-first day of December of the year in which it was issued. The certificate shall be renewed by the board upon application made within thirty days after the expiration thereof and on payment of the sum set by the board, but not to exceed twenty dollars for the first year, thirty dollars for the second year, forty dollars for the third year, and fifty dollars for the fourth year of apprenticeship. The fee after a four-year term of apprenticeship is the same as the fee for a journeyman plumber. This certificate of registration shall be the license required to be employed as a plumber's apprentice in this state.

43-18-22. Local authorities report violations to board. Such local authority as may be designated by an ordinance of the municipality to issue plumbing permits and licenses, and to approve plumbing plans, shall report to the board willful violations of the state plumbing code and of any municipal ordinances regulating the same, and any incompetence on the part of any registered and licensed plumber that comes to the attention of the local authority.

43-18-23. Working as plumber without license. It is unlawful for any person to work, for compensation, as a master plumber, journeyman plumber, or plumber's apprentice without being registered and licensed as a plumber in such classification.

43-18-24. Violation of chapter- Penalty. Any person that violates the state plumbing code adopted under section 43-18-09; violates section 43-18-10, 43-18-11, 43-18-11.4, 43-18-17.2, or 43-18-23; or works under the license of another person in a manner that is in violation of section 43-18-13 is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.

43-18-25. Injunction. In addition to the criminal penalty provided in section 43-18-24, the civil remedy of injunction is available to plumbing inspectors to restrain and enjoin violations of any provisions of this chapter. Any person claiming to be injured in person or property because of violations of this chapter may bring a civil action for damages.

ARTICALE 62-01
GENERAL ADMINISTRATION

62-02-01-01. Application for journeyman or master plumber license. No applicant shall be entitled to take the examination for either the master or journeyman plumber's certificate and license unless and until the applicant furnishes to the board satisfactory evidence that the applicant possesses sufficient practical experience to enable the applicant to perform satisfactorily the duties of the classification for which the applicant has made application.

1. Applicants for a journeyman plumber's examination and license shall have had four years' experience as an apprentice plumber under a licensed master plumber. Applicants who are working at the plumbing trade in localities where state licenses are not required, who have had five years of experience (one thousand nine hundred hours per year and a total of nine thousand five hundred hours) and who furnish four affidavits verifying years of experience, may make application for a journeyman examination screening test. The screening test is defined as an oral and written test given by the state plumbing board and a plumbing inspection report, signed by a state plumbing inspector, of an installation installed by the applicant to determine the applicant's qualifications for writing the journeyman examination.

2. Applicants who are journeyman plumbers in other states who desire to work in this state in localities where a state journeyman license is required may make application for a journeyman examination and license. Proof of such journeyman license from another state shall be vouched for as provided on the application blank furnished by the North Dakota state plumbing board.

3. All applicants for a master plumber's license must be twenty-one years of age and must have had two years' (three thousand four hundred hours) experience as a journeyman plumber licensed by the state of North Dakota or any other state that has a state licensing law. Proof of such journeyman license from another state shall be vouched for as provided on the application blank furnished by the North Dakota state plumbing board.

4. Applicants who are master plumbers in other states who desire to work in this state in localities where a state master license is required may make application for a master examination and license. Proof of such master license from another state shall be vouched for as provided on the application blank furnished by the North Dakota state plumbing board.

5. All applications will expire and be canceled after a period of six months from date of approval if the applicant fails to appear for examination within the six-month period.

History: Amended effective February 1, 1994.
General Authority: NDCC 43-18-08
Law Implemented: NDCC 43-18-13,43-18-13.1

62-02-01-01.1. Application for apprentice plumber - Supervised practice. An applicant for registration as an apprentice must have reached the age of eighteen years. An apprentice shall serve a term of four years, not less than one thousand nine hundred hours per year, with a total of not less than seven thousand six hundred hours.

1. The board may grant hourly credit toward a term of apprenticeship when the applicant furnishes proof of previous practical experience in the trade, or is a graduate of a course in plumbing at an accredited school having at least a nine month, one thousand twenty hours course in plumbing. The number of hours credit for each hour of the course according to the graduating grade average shall be: A average – two hours, B average - one and three-quarter hours, C average - one and one-half hours, and a D average - one hour. Credit for trade-related experience shall be determined by criteria established by the board.

2. A master plumber employing a registered apprentice shall report to the board any changes made in relation to continued employment of such apprentice. It is the employer's duty and responsibility to not permit an apprentice to perform work unless under the direct supervision and in the immediate presence of either a master or journeyman plumber. There shall not be more than five plumber's apprentices under the immediate and personal supervision of either a master plumber or journeyman plumber employed on any installation, alteration, or repair project.

3. Apprentice plumbers who have had three years (five thousand seven hundred hours) experience in learning and assisting in the installation, alteration, and repair of plumbing, and working for a master plumber, may work during their fourth year of apprenticeship by themselves without being under the direct supervision of a master or journeyman plumber.

History: Effective February 1, 1994.
General Authority: NDCC 43-18-08
Law Implemented: NDCC 43-18-21

62-02-01-02. Examination fee for each examination. An applicant for examination shall be entitled to one examination only for each examination fee paid.

General Authority: NDCC 43-18-08
Law Implemented: NDCC 43-18-13

62-02-01-03. Examination subjects and passing grades. Examination for applicants desiring to become registered and licensed plumbers shall consist of: answering questions pertaining to the basic principles of plumbing and the plumbing code; preparing drawings on which the applicant is to draw all stacks, wastes, and vents, and to insert the minimum pipe sizes. The examinations for master and journeyman plumber need not be the same. The passing grade for a master plumber shall be eighty percent, and the journeyman plumber passing grade shall be seventy percent.

General Authority: NDCC 43-18-08
Law Implemented: NDCC 43-18-08, 43-18-13

62-02-01-04. Reexamination. If an applicant fails to pass an examination, the applicant shall be denied the right to take another examination until at least six months shall have passed from the date of the applicant's last examination.

General Authority: NDCC 43-18-08
Law Implemented: NDCC 43-18-13

62-02-01-05. Reexamination of apprentice plumber. An apprentice plumber who has written and failed the journeyman examination must rewrite the examination at the end of the six-month period or work under direct supervision of a licensed master or journeyman plumber.

General Authority: NDCC 43-18-08
Law Implemented: NDCC 43-18-21

62-02-01-06. Master plumber - Renewal of journeyman and master plumber certificate. The holder of a master plumber's certificate and license may renew the holder's journeyman certificate and license upon payment of the journeyman renewal fee and during the same year may reinstate the holder's master plumber's certificate and license upon payment of the difference between the journeyman renewal fee and the master renewal fee.

General Authority: NDCC 43-18-08
Law Implemented: NDCC 43-18-17

62-02-01-07. Renewal of expired license. No certificate and license need be renewed by the board later than one year subsequent to its expiration. The board may, in its discretion, require that a holder of a license which has been expired for one year or more submit to a new examination.

General Authority: NDCC 43-18-08
Law Implemented: NDCC 43-18-17

62-02-01-08. Application for plumbing installation certificate. Repealed effective March 1, 2000.
62-02-01-09. Licensed master plumber required. Repealed effective February 1 , 1994.

Downloads

Master or Journeyman Plumber Application: Download
Apprentice Plumber Application: Download